$122.09 billion (2017)
How they do it: GE set up a crowdsourcing platform on which they published explicit problems there were looking to solve, e.g. in the area of data science. The platform allows independent teams to submit solutions and also collaborate and work jointly with internal and external stakeholders on developing new solutions. This allows the company to acces new impulses and resources.
How they do it: GE licenses IP and technology across its operating areas, enabling 3rd parties to commercialize their developments more rapidly and create new companies based on them. GE also provides adjacent resources such as training and scientists to accelerate the process of bringing new technologies to market.
How they do it: In its service business for pressure control equipment, GE introduced a condition-based monitoring and maitenance service agreement. This allows GE to shift from calendar and event-based maitenance to condition-based monitoring and maitenance. By sharing some of the operating risk with its customer it can provide a risk-adjusted value proposition to the customer and also has more control over state and maitenance of its equipment.
Rent Instead Of Buy
How they do it: GE rents out certain of its products to customers. This allows its customers to balance peak production requirements, or need to troubleshoot unexpected situations. This gives customers flexibility and cost advantages.
How they do it: GE develops many products especially for the needs of emerging markets. One example is an ultrasound device which had to be portable to be suited for use in rural india. GE then developed an ultra low cost, portable, battery-operated ultrasound device for rural India and China. This invention has now also found wide approval in developed economies where the increased portability allows the machine to be used e.g. in accident first response.