How they do it: IKEA offers different product lines for each category, including a basic one, letting customers with a low purchasing power buy furniture in their stores. Products in the self-service area are presented in a simple way comparable to a warehouse.
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How they do it: McDonald’s product, supply chain and restaurant design is kept standardized and simple, allowing for efficient sourcing, food preparation and a high degree of standardization as well as cheap prices across restaurants. Compared to standard restaurants, the customer has to serve and clean up the table himself.
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How they do it: Denner presents its products in a simple way, sometimes even in still on the pallets instead of on shelves. In addition it has only few or one options for every product choice and few brand products,
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How they do it: Due to the success of its low-cost business model, Ryanair ist the largest European airline today. It provides only the most basic services related to the airline fare and transportation itself. Their new fleet of airlines feature non-reclining seats, no seat-back pockets, safety cards stuck on the back of the seats, and life jackets stowed overhead rather than under the seat. This allows the airline to save on aircraft costs and enables faster cleaning and security checks during the short turnaround times.
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