How they do it: HomeBuy targets people who otherwise wouldn’t be able to come up with the equity to purchase a home on their own. By setting the conditions so that only low income citizens can make use of the program, the government ensures that their subsidies go to the right people.
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How they do it: H&M offers all its products at really low prices. This also includes e.g. formal and business wear, allowing to target a large group of customers with a low purchasing power for clothing.
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How they do it: Denner, with its ”no frills” approach, tries to focus on deliver on the basic needs during grocery shopping. This excludes a complex and nice presentation of goods and a wide choice of products to give the customer the cheapest prices.
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How they do it: Procter and Gamble adopts a bottom-of-the-pyramid approach in targetting low-income customers in developing countries. An example are single-use packets of shampoos, sold for a few cents, which are purchased by customers on demand from local stores.
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How they do it: In the 1990s, the company introduced Wheel, a laundry detergent specifically developed for the Indian market, containing a lower oil-to-water ratio to make it suitable to hand wash textiles in rivers, as is frequently the custom in India. The product was distributed through local corner shops as well as door-to-door sales representatives .
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