How they do it: IKEA’s products are competitively priced and have a high degree of standardization. This allows also customers with a lower purchasing power to buy at IKEA. In every category there is a budget option as well.
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How they do it: H&M offers all its products at really low prices. This also includes e.g. formal and business wear, allowing to target a large group of customers with a low purchasing power for clothing.
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How they do it: In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, Walmart introduced banking services, targetting the poor. It provided services to un-banked customers, for instance in form of prepaid credit cards.
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How they do it: Since 2004, Renault and its subsidiary Dacia produce a model called ”Logan”, a small family vehicle targeted at the bottom of the pyramid. To date, it has sold millions of individual units, in countries and regions such as Iran, India, South America, and Eastern Europe. The Logan was designed from the outset as an affordable car, and has many simplified features to keep costs down. It is among the most affordable vehicles available on the market today.
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How they do it: With both its food and non-food offerings, Aldi tries to be price leader, offering the lowest prices for both basic (own brand) products as well as known brands.
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