How they do it: In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, Walmart introduced banking services, targetting the poor. It provided services to un-banked customers, for instance in form of prepaid credit cards.
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How they do it: In the 1990s, the company introduced Wheel, a laundry detergent specifically developed for the Indian market, containing a lower oil-to-water ratio to make it suitable to hand wash textiles in rivers, as is frequently the custom in India. The product was distributed through local corner shops as well as door-to-door sales representatives .
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How they do it: Denner, with its ”no frills” approach, tries to focus on deliver on the basic needs during grocery shopping. This excludes a complex and nice presentation of goods and a wide choice of products to give the customer the cheapest prices.
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How they do it: IKEA’s products are competitively priced and have a high degree of standardization. This allows also customers with a lower purchasing power to buy at IKEA. In every category there is a budget option as well.
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How they do it: Since 2004, Renault and its subsidiary Dacia produce a model called ”Logan”, a small family vehicle targeted at the bottom of the pyramid. To date, it has sold millions of individual units, in countries and regions such as Iran, India, South America, and Eastern Europe. The Logan was designed from the outset as an affordable car, and has many simplified features to keep costs down. It is among the most affordable vehicles available on the market today.
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