How they do it: With both its food and non-food offerings, Aldi tries to be price leader, offering the lowest prices for both basic (own brand) products as well as known brands.
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How they do it: H&M offers all its products at really low prices. This also includes e.g. formal and business wear, allowing to target a large group of customers with a low purchasing power for clothing.
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How they do it: IKEA’s products are competitively priced and have a high degree of standardization. This allows also customers with a lower purchasing power to buy at IKEA. In every category there is a budget option as well.
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How they do it: Denner, with its ”no frills” approach, tries to focus on deliver on the basic needs during grocery shopping. This excludes a complex and nice presentation of goods and a wide choice of products to give the customer the cheapest prices.
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How they do it: In the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis, Walmart introduced banking services, targetting the poor. It provided services to un-banked customers, for instance in form of prepaid credit cards.
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